Participatory GIS training - October 2016, Hargeisa Somaliland



The training

The workshop

Protocol for the workshop in October 2016 in Hargeisa by Catherine Pfeifer, ILRI

1 Objective and participants

The objective of this workshop is to identify dynamics that shape the natural resources that are important for the livestock sector. In addition, we want to identify adaptation strategies to these different dynamics as well as potential strategies to improve the management of these natural resources.
We are expecting about 20 participants, from governmental organisation, from non-governmental organizations as well as local communities who know well what is going on in the following districts:
map.jpg

2 Agendas

2.1 The workshop

The proposed agenda is the following:
Day 1 Monday
7.30-8 registration
8-8.30 welcoming addresses
8.30-9.30 official part with ministries
9.30-10 Introductions to the workshop agenda, group formation
10-10.30 coffee break and introduction to natural resources
10.30-12.15 mapping natural resources for the selected area (block 1a)
12.15-12.45 group visit - reflection
13 prayer
13.15 lunches


Day 2 Tuesday
8-8.30 opening: reflection from previous day
8.30-9.45 continuation of the natural resource mapping (block 1b)
9.45-10 coffee break
10-11.15 presentation of group work break identification of major dynamics
11.15-12 reflection on the future (block 2)
12-12.30 Closure
13 prayer
13.15 lunch
This implies that there are 2 block of group work.

2.2 For tutors

Day 0 Sunday
8-13 : explanation of the approach and dry run of the participatory mapping
13-15 prayers and lunch
15-17 : further discussion, creating the groups (only if needed)

Day 1 and day 2 Monday/ Tuesday
14-15 : debriefing, what went well what was difficult, what do we need to change for tomorrow?
15-17 : start writing the report

Day 3 Wednesday
8-13 : write the report
13-15 : prayer lunch
15 - 17: finalize report, word of thanks



3 Facilitating the participatory mapping blocks

3.1 Protocol block 1 (a + b)

Block 1 consists of two sub-blocks, the first aims at agreeing about what natural resource to focus on during the workshop and a block of participatory mapping.

3.1.1 Agreeing on natural resource to focus on

  1. Welcome the participants in your group
  2. Let the group participants introduce themselves
  3. Let them define a speaker on behalf of the group
  4. Remind the participants about the aim workshop
  5. Tell them to write down which are the most important natural resources in their area for the livestock sector
  6. Create a long list of all proposed natural resources, and check if you can classify them.
  7. Ask participants to rank them.

3.1.2 Mapping the three most important resources

Move to the maps, look at the land use, land cover and soil map. Ask participants to see if they can show their home on the map. This is to give participants the time to familiarize themselves with the map. Assign a colour for each resource.
Take the most important resource and ask participants to draw on the map the resource with the pen in the selected colour, on the location that it can be found can be found.
For each resource, ask the following questions:
  • What are the current conditions in different seasons?
  • Who has rights and responsibility relative to the natural resource? How do they gain access?
  • How are the different users interacting? Are there conflicts of interest?
  • Are there any regulating policies or (customary) practices?
  • What are in your opinion the major drivers of change in recent years? and b) in the future?
  • What adaptation strategies have you observed?
There is a reporting sheet in which you can take notes about what is said for each question.
If different location have a different answers, feel free to number the different areas, and refer to those numbers in the reporting sheets.
Then move to second important resource and go through the same process.
Note it is likely that people will start talking about different resource at the same time. In this case let participants use the right colours for mapping, and report on the

3.2 Protocol block 2

In order to start block two, we will take participants on a flight to 2026, and ask them to think about a successful Somaliland, in a world where Somaliland got its independent recognition. It has a democratic well-functioning government, foreign investors are coming and investing in this new country of the Horn of Africa. Also every person in Somaliland get access to health care and to high level education.
When participants come back to their group discuss the following questions
  • Which natural resource are better off? Which one have worsen?
  • Who has contributed to the change?
  • How have the relationship among the users changed?

4 Reporting

First of all, every single paper, transparency on which participants have annotated should get the group’s name! Before you start make sure that you have put the name of your group on each reporting sheet and transparency.
Note that all the reporting material will be presented in plenary

4.1 Block 1


Resource: put here the resource (f.e. water)
sheet number: put here the number of sheet you have filled, start with 1 but use as many as you need
group: put here your group name
Res-source
code
What are the current conditions in different seasons?
Who has rights and responsibility relative to the natural resource? How do they gain access?
How are the different users interacting? Are there conflicts of interest?
Are there any regulating policies or (customary) practices?
Are there any regulating policies or (customary) practices?
What are in your opinion the major drivers of change in recent years? and b) in the future?
What adaptation strategies have you observed?
R1







R2







R3








Create a resource code for each area/location participants talk about. Make sure that you use that code on the map as well as on the reporting sheet.
In the first stage of the meeting you have agreed on a ranking of resource, use the first letter of the resource and add a number. For example, the first water resource discussed gets the code W1, and the second W2.
Use a new resource reporting sheet for every resource, i.e. water, grazing land, soil. So when you start discussing for example grazing land, then you give the code G1 and so on.
On the transparency you are asked to put your group name, the discussion block you have use the transparency for as well as the number of sheet you have been using. Your first sheet will get the following code group name – 1 – 1. For the future maps it will get the following code group name – 2 – 1.
Any time when the transparency is getting too messy, you can use another transparency, just indicate that this is an additional sheet to the block you are working in.

4.2 Block 2

Block two might lead to global discussion, and therefore might or might not need maps. Here we want to hear some stories. For each of the question make a flip chart and write down some key point.